JON McCORMACK::research publications

research publications by year

Most papers can be downloaded here, where copyright permits (use the [pdf] link).


J. McCormack, "Niche Constructing Drawing Robots", in Correia J., Ciesielski V., Liapis A. (eds) Computational Intelligence in Music, Sound, Art and Design. EvoMUSART 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10198. Springer, Cham [pdf]

P. Hutchings and J. McCormack, "Using Autonomous Agents to Improvise Music Compositions in Real-Time", in Correia J., Ciesielski V., Liapis A. (eds) Computational Intelligence in Music, Sound, Art and Design. EvoMUSART 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10198. Springer, Cham [pdf]


J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno, "Designing Improvisational Interfaces", in ICCC 2016 (Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computational Creativity). François Pachet, Amilcar Cardoso, Vincent Corruble, Fiammetta Ghedini (Editors). Paris, France, June 27 - July 1, 2016. Publisher: Sony CSL Paris, France. ISBN 9782746691551. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Codeform: a balancing act between variation and utility in evolutionary art", Leonardo Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 257-261, MIT Press, 2016 [pdf]

S. Roudavski and J. McCormack, "Post-anthropocentric creativity", Digital Creativity Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 3-6, Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2016


J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno, "Heroic vs Collaborative AI for the Arts", in IJCAI 2015 (Proceedings of the 24th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence), Buenos Aires, Argentina 25-31 July, 2015


J. McCormack, O. Bown, A. Dorin, J. McCabe, G. Monro and M. Whitelaw, "Ten Questions Concerning Generative Computer Art", Leonardo Vol. 47, No. 2 (2014), pp. 135-141, MIT Press [preprint pdf]

J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno, "On the Future of Computers and Creativity", AISB 2014 Symposium on Computational Creativity, London, 1–4 April 2014 [preprint pdf]

J. McCormack, "Balencing Act: variation and utility in Evolutionary Art", in Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design (Proceedings of EvoMUSART Granada, Spain, 23-25 April 2014) Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8601, 2014, pp 26-37, [pdf]


McCormack, J. ‘Jon McCormack: Eden’, in Peter Weibel and Ljiljana Fruk (eds), Molecular Aesthetics, ZKM Books/MIT Press, Karlsruhe/Boston, pp. 258-260, 2013

J. McCormack, "Evolutionary and A-Life Art: Cosmic Pyramids and the Origination of Novelty in Machines" (English with Russian translation) in Dmitry Bulatov (ed), Evolution Haute Couture: Art and Science in the Post-Biological Age (Part 2: Theory), National Centre for Contemporary Arts, Kaliningrad, Russia, pp. 84-101, 2013.

J. McCormack, "Representation and Mimesis in Generative Art: Creating Fifty Sisters" in Proceedings of xCoAx 2013, Bergamo, Italy 27-28 June 2013, pp. 71-79 [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Art, Aesthetics, Evolution" in P. Machado, J. McDermott & A. Carballa (eds) Proceedings of EvoMUSART 2013,Vienna, Austria 3-5 April 2013, Springer, Berlin; Heidelberg. pp. 1-12 [pdf]


J. McCormack, Pablo eCasso: in search of the first computer masterpiece, The Conversation, 15 November 2012

A. Dorin, J. McCabe, J. McCormack, G. Monro and M. Whitelaw, "A Framework for Understanding Generative Art", Digital Creativity, Vol. 23(3-4), pp. 239-259, 2012 [Journal on-line pdf]

J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno (eds) Computers and Creativity, Springer, Heidelberg, 2012 [website link] [book web site]

J. McCormack, "Creative Ecosystems" in J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno (eds) Computers and Creativity, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 39-60, 2012 [preprint pdf]

H. Cohen, F. Nake, D. C. Brown, P. Brown, P. Galanter, J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno, "Evaluation of Creative Aesthetics", in J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno (eds) Computers and Creativity, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 95-111, 2012

J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno, "Computers and Creativity: The Road Ahead", in J. McCormack and M. d'Inverno (eds) Computers and Creativity, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 421-424, 2012

Species Futurologist: Q & A Jon McCormack, Interview with Jascha Hoffman, Nature, 488 (30 August, 2012, p. 589) [journal web site] [website link]

A. Pirnia and J. McCormack, "Compressed Multidimensional Trees for Evolutionary Music Representation", International Computer Music Conference, Irzu, Ljubljana 9-14 September 2012, pp. 608-613 [pdf]

T. Kowaliw, A. Dorin and J. McCormack, Promoting Creative Design in Interactive Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, Vol 16(4), pp. 523-536, 2012 [pdf preprint] [vimeo video] [web site]


J. McCormack and P. McIlwain, "Generative Composition with Nodal", in E. R. Miranda (ed): A-Life for Music: Music and Computer Models of Living Systems, A-R Editions, Inc. Middleton, Wisconsin, 2011, pp. 99-113

T. Kowaliw, J. McCormack and A. Dorin, "An Interactive Electronic Art System Based on Artificial Ecosystemics", 2011 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life (IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence - SSCI 2011) April 11-15, 2011 - Paris, France, IEEE 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4577-0470-3, pp. 162-169 [see the evoeco web site]

O. Bown, J. McCormack and T. Kowaliw, "Ecosystemic methods for creative domains: niche construction and boundary formation", 2011 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life (IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence - SSCI 2011) April 11-15, 2011 - Paris, France, IEEE 2011, ISBN: 978-1-4577-0470-3, pp. 132-139 [pdf]


O. Bown and J. McCormack, "Taming nature: tapping the creative potential of ecosystem models in the arts", Digital Creativity Vol. 21(4), pp. 215-231, 2010 [link to paper web page]

J. McCormack, "Enhancing Creativity with Niche Construction" in Harold Fellermann, Mark Dörr, Martin M. Hanczyc, Lone Ladegaard Laursen, Sarah Maurer, Daniel Merkle, Pierre-Alain Monnard, Kasper Stoy and Steen Rasmussen (eds.), Artificial Life XII (Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems) Odense, Dennmark. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, pp. 525-532 [pdf]

T. Kowaliw, J. McCormack, and A. Dorin, "Evolutionary Automated Recognition of an Individual's Artistic Style". IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, July 18-23, Barcelona, Spain, 2010 [pdf]

Porter, B. & McCormack, J., “Developmental modelling with SDS”, Computers & Graphics. Vol. 34(4), pp. 294 – 303, 2010. [link]


T. Kowaliw, A Dorin and J. McCormack, "An empirical exploration of a definition of creative novelty for generative art", Artificial Life: Borrowing from Biology, 1 December 2009 to 4 December 2009, Springer, Berlin Germany, pp. 1-10. [pdf][Proceedings]

Bown, O. and J. McCormack, "Creative Agency: A Clearer Goal for Artificial Life in the Arts" in Proceedings of European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL) 2009, Budapest, Hungary [pdf].

Bown, O., A. Eldridge and J. McCormack, "Understanding Interaction in Contemporary Digital Music: from instruments to behavioural objects", Organised Sound Vol 14(2), Cambridge University Press, August 2009, pp. 188-196 [pdf]

M.A. Boden, M. d'Inverno and J. McCormack (eds), "Computational Creativity: an interdisciplinary approach", Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings 09291, LZI Germany, ISSN 1862 - 4405 [link]

J.McCormack, "The Evolution of Sonic Ecosystems" in Komosinski, Maciej; Adamatzky, Andrew (eds.), Artificial Life Models in Software (Second Edition), Springer, Berlin 2009 [pdf][book web site] revised paper on Eden for the second edition of this book.

J. McCormack, A. Eldridge, A. Dorin and P. McIlwain, "Generative Algorithms for Making Music: Emergence, Evolution and Ecosystems", in R.T. Dean (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Computer Music, Oxford University Press, pp. 354–379, 2009 [web site][preview on google books]

J. McCormack and O. Bown, "Life's what you make: Niche Construction and Evolutionary Art", in M. Giacobini, et. al. (eds): EvoWorkshops 2009, LNCS 5484, pp. 528-537, 2009 [pdf]


J. McCormack, "Evolutionary L-systems", in P.F. Hingston, L.C. Barone and Z. Michalewicz (eds.) Design by Evolution: Advances in Evolutionary Design, Springer, Berlin, pp. 168-196, 2008

P. Brown, D. W. Cunningham, V. Interrante and J. McCormack (eds), Computational Aesthetics 2008: Eurographics Workshop on Computational Aesthetics in Graphics, Visualisation and Imaging, Eurographics Association, Aire-la-Ville, Switzerland, ISBN 978-3-905674-08-8, 2008

Mario Giacobini, et. al. (eds), Applications of Evolutionary Computing: EvoWorkshops 2008: EvoCOMNET, EvoFIN, EvoHOT, EvoIASP, EvoMUSART, EvoNUM, EvoSTOC, and EvoTransLog Proceedings, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008, LNCS 4974, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2008. [volume editor]

A. Eldridge, A. Dorin & J. McCormack, "Manipulating Artificial Ecosystems", in Mario Giacobini, et. al. (eds): Applications of Evolutionary Computing (EvoWorkshops 2008: EvoCOMNET, EvoFIN, EvoHOT, EvoIASP, EvoMUSART, EvoNUM, EvoSTOC, and EvoTransLog), LNCS 4974/2008, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2008., pp. 392-401 [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Facing the Future: Evolutionary Possibilities for Human-Machine Creativity", in P. Machado and J. Romero (eds.) The Art of Artificial Evolution: A Handbook on Evolutionary Art and Music, pp. 417-451, Springer, 2008 [pdf extract] [more information].


J. McCormack, P. McIlwain, A. Lane & A. Dorin, "Generative Composition with Nodal", in E.R. Miranda (ed.) Workshop on Music and Artificial Life (ECAL 2007), Lisbon, Portugal, 2007. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Artificial Ecosystems for Creative Discovery", in Thierens D. et. al. (eds) Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO 2007) 7-11 July 2007, London, ACM, New York, Volume 1, pp. 301-307. [pdf] [presentation slides]

J. McCormack, "Creative Ecosystems", in A. Cardoso and G.A. Wiggins (eds), Proceedings of the 4th International Joint Workshop on Computational Creativity, 17-19 June 2007, Goldsmiths, University of London 2007, pp. 129-136. [pdf]


P. McIlwain, J. McCormack, A. Dorin & A. Lane, "Composing With Nodal Networks", in Proceedings of the 2006 Australasian Computer Music Conference (ACMC), Haines (ed.), 2006, ACMA, Fitzroy, Australia 2006, pp. 101-7. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "New Challenges for Evolutionary Music and Art", in Lanzi, P. L. (ed), ACM SIGEVOlution Newsletter, Vol. 1(1), April 2006, pp. 5-11, ISSN 1931-8499. [pdf] Invited Paper.


J. McCormack, "A Developmental Model for Generative Media", in M. S. Capcarrere, A. A. Freitas, P. J. Bentley, C. G. Johnson and J. Timmis (eds), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol 3630 [Proceedings of the 8th European Conf. on Advances in Artificial Life, (ECAL 2005), Canterbury, UK, 5-9 September 2005 ], Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, ISSN: 0302-9743, ISBN-10: 3-540-28848-1, ISBN-13: 978-540-28848-0, pp 88-97. [pdf] Winner of a Special Commendation Award for Research from the ECAL programme committee.

P. McIlwain & J. McCormack, "Design Issues in Musical Composition Networks", in T. Opie and A. Brown (eds), Proceedings of the Australiasian Computer Music Conference (ACMA), Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. 12 - 14 July 2005, pp. 96-101. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "On the Evolution of Sonic Ecosystems", in Adamatzky, A. & M. Komosinski (eds), Artificial Life Models in Softwareem>, Springer-Verlag, London. pp. 211-230. [2nd edition pdf]

J. McCormack, "Open Problems in Evolutionary Music and Art", in F. Rothlauf et al. (eds), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol 3449 [Proceedings of Applications of Evolutionary Computing, (EvoMUSART 2005), Lausanne, Switzerland, 30 March - 1 April 2005], Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, ISSN: 0302-9743 & ISBN: 3-540-25396-3, pp 428-436. [pdf] Winner of Best Paper Award, EvoMUSART 2005.


J. McCormack: Impossible Nature: the art of Jon McCormack, Australian Centre for the Moving Image, Melbourne.

J. McCormack, A. Dorin & T. Innocent, "Generative Design: A Paradigm for Design Research", in J. Redmond (ed.) Futureground Conference Proceedings, Design Research Society (Conference held at Monash University, Melbourne, 17 - 21 November 2004). [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Generative Modelling with Timed L-Systems", in J. S. Gero (ed) Design Computing and Cognition '04, [Proceedings of the First International Conference on Design, Computing and Cognition (DCC'04), Cambridge, USA, 19-21 July 2004], Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, ISBN: 1-4020-2393-6, pp. 157–175. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Aesthetic Evolution of L-Systems Revisited", in G. R. Raidl, S. Cagnnoni, J. Branke, D.W. Corne, R. Drechsler, Y. Jin, C.G. Johnson, P. Machado, E. Marchiori, F. Rothlauf, G.D. Smith & G. Squillero (eds), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol 3005 [Procedings of Applications of Evolutionary Computing (Evoworkshops 2004, EvoBIO, EvoCOMNET, EvoHOT, EvoISAP, EvoMUSART, and EvoSTOC, Coimbra, Portugal, 5-7 April, 2004], Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, ISSN: 0302-9743 & ISBN: 3-540-21378-3, pp 477-488. [pdf]


J. McCormack, The Application of L-Systems and Developmental Models to Computer Art, Animation, and Music Synthesis, PhD thesis, School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Monash University, Clayton. [abstract] [pdf]

J. McCormack, A Method for Generating Phyliotaxis over Surfaces of Revolution, Technical Report, No. 2003/149, December, 2003. Monash University, Melbourne. [abstract] [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Evolving Sonic Ecosystems", in A Adamatzky (ed), The International Journal of Systems & Cybernetics - Kybernetes, Vol 32, Issue 1/2, 2003, Emerald, Northampton, UK, ISSN: 0368-492X, pp 184-202. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Art and the Mirror of Nature", Digital Creativity, Vol 14, Issue 1, 2003 (Special issue on Generative Computation and the Arts, edited by Paul Brown), Swets & Zeitlinger BV, The Netherlands, ISSN: 1462-6268, pp 3-22.


A. Dorin and J. McCormack, "Self-Assembling Dynamical Hierarchies", in R. K. Standish, M. A. Bedau and H. A. Abbass (eds), Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Artificial Life (Artificial Life VIII), NSW, Australia, 9-13 December 2002, The MIT Press, London, England, ISBN: 0-262-69281-3, pp 423-428. [Lecture Slides] [pdf]

J. McCormack and A. Dorin, "Ways of Seeing: Visualization of Artificial Life Environments", Workshop Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (Artificial Life VIII - Workshops), NSW, Australia, 10 December 2002, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia, ISBN: 0-7317-0509-2, pp 155-162. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Evolving for the Audience", International Journal of Design Computing, Vol 4, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia, ISSN: 1329-7147 13pp. [full paper html]


J. McCormack and A. Dorin "Art, Emergence and the Computational Sublime", Second Iteration [Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Generative Systems in the Electronic Arts, Victoria, Australia, 5-7 December 2001], Centre for Electronic Media Art, VIC, Australia, ISBN: 0-7326-2195-X, pp 67-81. [pdf]

J. McCormack, "Eden: an evolutionary sonic ecosystem", in J. Kelemen and P. Sosik (eds), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol 2159, [Advances in Artificial Life, Proceedings of the 6th European Conference (ECAL), Prague, Czech Republic, 10 - 14 September 2001], Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, ISSN: 0302-9743, 2001, pp 133-142. [pdf]

A. Dorin and J. McCormack, "First Iteration – A Conference on Generative Systems in the Electronic Arts", Leonardo, Vol 34, Issue 3, (June 2001) and Issue 4 (August 2001), The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, ISSN: 0024-094X, pp 239-242. [web page]



A. Dorin and J. McCormack (editors), First Iteration: a conference on generative systems in the electronic arts, Proceedings of the First International Conference, CEMA, Melbourne, 1999. ISBN: 0-7326-2123-2. [web site] [conference site]

A. Dorin and J. McCormack (editors), First Iteration: a conference on generative systems in the electronic arts, (CD-Rom - 'D'), The Centre for Electronic Media Arts, Clayton, VIC, ISBN: 0-7326-2124-0.

A. Dorin and J. McCormack (editors), First Iteration: a conference on generative systems in the electronic arts, (CD - 'A'), Audio works of the First Iteration, Solitary Sound, North Melbourne, VIC, ISBN: 0-7326-2124-0.


J. McCormack and A. Sherstyuk: Creating and rendering convolution surfaces, Computer Graphics Forum, Vol 17, Issue 2, 1998. pp. 113-121. [web site] [examples from the paper]


J. McCormack and A. V. Sherstyuk, "Creating and rendering convolution surfaces", 97/324, Department of Computer Science Technical Reports, Dept Computer Science, Monash University, Melbourne Australia, 1-15, 15pp. Technical report CS 97/324. [Abstract available] [pdf]


McCormack, J., "Grammar Based Music Composition", in Complex Systems 96: From Local Interactions to Global Phenomena, R. Stocker et. al., eds, ISO Press, Amsterdam, pp. 320-336. [pdf] [html]

J. McCormack, "The poetics of programming: Can the programmer be an artist?", in The Language of Interactivity. The Australian Film Commission's Multimedia Conference, Australian Film Commission, Sydney Australia, pp. 23 - 23.


J. McCormack, "Modelling (Un)–Natural Forms", ACM Siggraph 95 Technical Sketches, Los Angeles (California), USA, August 1995.


J. McCormack, "Post-visual: Bitmaps: Ideas on art and technology", Photophile Vol 42, pp. 46-8, 1994. [html]

J. McCormack, "TURBULENCE an interactive installation exploring artificial life", Visual proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 94, Orlando, Florida, Academic Press, N.Y., pp. 182-3, 1994. [see Turbulence web pages]

J. McCormack, "WILD an interactive computer installation", Next Wave Art & Technology Catalogue; Proceedings of ARTECH'94 conference, Melbourne, pp. 22-25, 1994.

J. McCormack, "Rule based modelling of natural forms", in C. Wallace (ed), Proceedings of research conference: Faculty of Computing & Information Technology, Monash University, Melbourne, 28, 1994.


J. McCormack, "New Trends in Computer Graphics", New Media Technologies, edited by Ross Harley. Australian Film, Television and Radio School, Sydney, Australia, 1993.

J. McCormack, "Interactive Evolution of L-System Grammars for Computer Graphics Modelling", in Complex Systems: From Biology to Computation, David Green and Terry Bossomaier (eds.), ISO Press, Amsterdam, pp. 118-130, 1993. [pdf]

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